Acne is a chronic disease whose occurrence depends mainly on male hormones, androgens, as well as other hormones that affect the activity and amount of sebaceous glands. There are many varieties of acne, the best known variety of acne is common acne. In addition to acne you can also find rosacea.
Acne used to be considered the most common skin disease
in patients between 11 and 30 years old. This problem increasingly affects older people, mostly women. People who are struggling with this problem can see excessive production of sebum. Excessive keratinization of the ducts that are responsible for the sebaceous glands’ outlet. Rapid development of bacterial flora, and the release of inflammatory mediators in the skin.
The main features of acne are closed and open blackheads, pustules, lumps, nodules, cysts and purulent cysts. These changes can be seen in seborrheic areas, i.e. the back, face, cleavage.
One of the most common causes of acne is stress, which intensifies sebum production and affects the secretion of post-inflammatory neuromediators. A bad diet rich in products with a high glycemic index. Fast food and highly processed foods also have a huge impact on the appearance of our skin. Such products contribute to a rapid increase in blood insulin levels. This increases the production of androgens, which in turn strongly increases seborrhea.
Complete cure of acne in the elderly is a long-term therapy.
The best effects can be seen in the combination of topical and oral antibiotics and preparations containing salicylic and azelaic acid. The final solution may be the use of preparations containing vitamin A derivatives such as isotretinoin.
Don’t forget to take care of your office,
which is very helpful in the fight against acne that came later in life. Anti-acne therapy is carried out by a cosmetologist specialist and begins with an interview. Which excludes the determining factors in the case of poorly adjusted diet, home care, cosmetic care. The cosmetologist establishes a therapy plan from the indication of a set of cosmetics for home use to treatments performed in the office.
The prelude of cosmetic therapy is to properly prepare the patient’s skin for treatment by cleansing the skin. In order to reduce impurities, the cosmetologist usually selects the most appropriate method of cleansing for the skin from cavitation peeling, microdermabrasion or manual cleansing. Cosmetological therapy of acne is mainly divided into acid therapy and laser therapy.
Treatment using chemical peeling
is selected depending on the location of acne and its severity. In order to reduce acne changes, cosmetology mainly uses such acids as: salicylic, glycolic, pyruvic, azelaic (AZELAC M, AZELAC RU). These substances differ in chemical structure, particle size and depth of penetration. They can be present in different concentrations and are components of complex preparations intended for professional use. The action of acids is based on antibacterial, antiseptic, sebostatic and exfoliating activity.
The cosmetologist can also offer retinol treatment. Which is usually based on a series of treatments during which a special preparation rich in 4% Retinol ( Retix C) is applied. Which has an exfoliating, anti-acne and lightening effect on post-inflammatory discoloration.
Another category of anti-acne treatments is laser therapy.
The most frequently proposed treatments include the procedure using IPL (intense pulsed light). The method uses a beam of light, which is absorbed by deeper skin structures. It has a reducing effect on dilated vessels in case of rosacea. It removes post-inflammatory discolouration and, as manufacturers claim, has an antibacterial effect. Laser therapy of acne lesions also concerns acne changes such as scars. In the case of skin surface defects, ablative lasers (Alma Harmony iPixel) are used to create a controlled inflammation of the skin surface and stimulate its regeneration and renewal.
Don’t forget about home care, which in combination with office care gives the expected results. Products for problematic skin should contain azelaic acid ( Sesderma AZELAC M and RU), retinoids ( Sesderma RETISES), glycolic acid ( Sesderma MANDELAC).
You must remember to protect your skin from the sun’s radiation. The skin after the treatment in the office is strongly cleansed. Therefore, it is recommended to use a UV filter. Which protects the skin against the formation of discolouration after the sun.